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Cystoscopic Laser Lithotripsy and Stone Extraction (Cystolithalopaxy)

Cystoscopic Laser Lithotripsy and Stone Extraction (Cystolithalopaxy)

Published: Aug 17th, 2012

Stones occur within the urinary bladder due to incomplete bladder emptying, urinary stasis, and/or chronic bladder infections. With time, the urine that is not voided begins to harbor bacteria and […]

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)

Published: Aug 17th, 2012

For kidney and ureteral stones that are too large (usually larger than 2 centimeters), too numerous, or too dense to be treated by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) or ureteroscopy, […]

Ureteroscopy and Laser Lithotripsy

Ureteroscopy and Laser Lithotripsy

Published: Aug 17th, 2012

Kidney stones affect 1 in 500 Americans each year, causing significant pain and healthcare expense. Surgical options for patients with symptomatic kidney stones include extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), ureteroscopy, […]

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)

Published: Aug 17th, 2012

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) was introduced in the early 1980s as a completely noninvasive therapy to break up stones within the kidney and ureter. The Department of Urology at […]